阀门使用十个为什么


Ten reasons why valves are used

There are many problems that are not easy to pay attention to during the use of the valve. This website has collected and sorted out the answers to these problems for technical personnel to communicate.

1. Why is the double seat valve easy to oscillate when working with a small opening?

For single core, when the medium is flow open type, the valve stability is good; when the medium is flow closed type, the valve stability is poor. The double seat valve has two spools, the lower spool is in flow closed, and the upper spool is in flow open. In this way, when working at a small opening, the flow-closed spool is likely to cause valve vibration. This is a double seat valve. The reason why it cannot be used for small opening work.

2. Why can’t the double-sealed valve be used as a shut-off valve?

The advantage of the double-seat valve core is the force balance structure, which allows a large pressure difference, but its outstanding disadvantage is that the two sealing surfaces cannot be in good contact at the same time, resulting in large leakage. If it is artificially and compulsorily used for cutting off occasions, it is obviously not effective, even if many improvements (such as double-sealed sleeve valve) are made for it, it is not advisable.

3. Which straight-stroke regulating valve has poor anti-blocking performance, and angular-stroke valve has good anti-blocking performance?

The straight-stroke valve spool is throttling vertically, and the medium flows in and out horizontally, and the flow path in the valve cavity will inevitably turn and turn, which makes the flow path of the valve quite complicated (the shape is like an inverted “S” shape). In this way, there are many dead zones, which provide space for the precipitation of the medium, and if things go on like this, it will cause blockage. The direction of throttling of the quarter-turn valve is the horizontal direction. The medium flows in and out horizontally, which is easy to take away the dirty medium. At the same time, the flow path is simple, and the space for medium precipitation is small, so the quarter-turn valve has good anti-blocking performance.

4. Why is the stem of the straight-stroke control valve thinner?

It involves a simple mechanical principle: high sliding friction and low rolling friction. The valve stem of the straight-stroke valve moves up and down, and the packing is slightly compressed, it will pack the valve stem very tightly, resulting in a larger return difference. For this reason, the valve stem is designed to be very small, and the packing uses PTFE packing with a small friction coefficient to reduce the backlash. However, the problem is that the valve stem is thin, which is easy to bend and the packing life is short. A better way to solve this problem is to use the travel valve stem, that is, a quarter-turn valve. Its stem is 2 to 3 times thicker than the straight-stroke valve stem. It also uses long-life graphite packing and the stem stiffness. Good, the packing life is long, but the friction torque is small and the backlash is small.

5. Why is the cut-off pressure difference of the quarter-turn valve large?

The cut-off pressure difference of the quarter-turn valve is relatively large, because the resultant force generated by the medium on the valve core or valve plate produces a very small torque on the rotating shaft, so it can withstand a large pressure difference.

6. Why does the use of rubber-lined butterfly valves and fluorine-lined diaphragm valves for desalinated water have a short service life?

The desalinated water medium contains low concentrations of acid or alkali, which are more corrosive to rubber. The corrosion of rubber is manifested as expansion, aging, and low strength. The effect of using rubber-lined butterfly valves and diaphragm valves is poor. The essence is that the rubber is not resistant to corrosion. The rear rubber-lined diaphragm valve is improved to a fluorine-lined diaphragm valve with good corrosion resistance, but the diaphragm of the fluorine-lined diaphragm valve cannot withstand folding up and down and is broken, causing mechanical damage and shortening the life of the valve. The better way is to use water treatment special ball valve, which can be used for 5 to 8 years.

7. Why should hard seal be used as far as possible for the shut-off valve?

The lower the leakage of the shut-off valve, the better. The leakage of the soft-sealed valve is lower. The cut-off effect is of course good, but it is not wear-resistant and has poor reliability. Judging from the double standards of small leakage and reliable sealing, soft sealing is not as good as hard sealing. For example, the full-function ultra-light regulating valve, sealed and stacked with wear-resistant alloy protection, has high reliability, and has a leakage rate of 10-7, which can already meet the requirements of the shut-off valve.

8. Why does the sleeve valve replace the single-seat and double-seat valves but not get what you want?

Sleeve valves that came out in the 1960s were widely used at home and abroad in the 1970s. Sleeve valves accounted for a larger proportion of petrochemical plants introduced in the 1980s. At that time, many people believed that sleeve valves could replace single and double seat valves. , Become the second-generation product. Until now, this is not the case. Single-seat valves, double-seat valves, and sleeve valves are all used equally. This is because the sleeve valve only improves the throttling form, stability and maintenance better than the single seat valve, but its weight, anti-blocking and leakage indicators are consistent with the single and double seat valves, how can it replace the single and double seat valves Woolen cloth? Therefore, they can only be used together.

9. Why is model selection more important than calculation?

Comparing calculation and selection, selection is much more important and more complicated. Because the calculation is only a simple formula calculation, it does not itself lie in the accuracy of the formula, but in the accuracy of the given process parameters. The selection involves a lot of content. A little carelessness will lead to improper selection, which not only causes waste of manpower, material resources, and financial resources, but also results in unsatisfactory use, resulting in several use problems, such as reliability, lifespan, and operation. Quality etc.

10. Why are piston actuators used more and more in pneumatic valves?

For pneumatic valves, the piston actuator can make full use of the air pressure to make the size of the actuator smaller than that of the diaphragm type, with greater thrust, and the O-ring in the piston is more reliable than the diaphragm, so it will be used more and more. many.

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